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Points to Remember on Criminal Law Penal law and criminal law makes reference to a similar type of law. The type of punishments under these laws will be based on the jurisdiction and the offense that has been made, and it can be distinctive and severe. Generally, the punishments for these type of laws will vary but the most common forms are execution, imprisonment, parole, fines and probation. Sometimes, the line between criminal and civil law becomes less distinct. The members of an indigenous group of people produces the first written code of law many years ago. In the past, when these early codes were written, criminal and civil law were not separated at all. The failure to follow the rules and the probability of imposing severe consequences is what makes a criminal law distinctive. In the event that imprisonment is ordered, it can be solitary and an individual can get imprisoned for the rest of his life. Another form of confinement is house arrest wherein individuals are required to follow a set of rules that are set by the parole or probationary department. People who are convicted can lost their property and money.
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The five categories of penalties include deterrence, punishment, restitution, retribution and incapacitation. These penalties will vary considerably between jurisdictions..
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If a crime affects the society or an entire area because of its odious nature, the law that applies to it is called public international law. Subsequently after world war 2 happened and with the trials that took place in a certain place, public international law began. The occurrences of these trials marked the beginning of people being held accountable for their actions even though they were only acting in behalf of their government. These individuals cannot even claim sovereign immunity. Most laws are enforced in such a way that it created a fear of punishment. Criminal law usually forbids undesirable type of acts. A guilty act, also referred as actus reus requires further evidence that a certain crime was really committed by an action, a lack of action or a threat of action. Moreover, actus reus also requires a physical element. Actus reus is very much applicable in instances wherein someone is responsible for someone else regardless if it is because of a contract, living together, an official position or a blood relation. Furthermore, dangerous situations that occurs as a result of a person’s own wrongdoing are also included in actus reus. The Good Samaritan law can be applied in cases like these. Some of the crimes like regulatory offenses does not need anything more. These type of crimes are referred as strict liability offenses. Since these type of crimes can possibly have severe punishments, the proof of intent must be attained.