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The Art and Science of Tree Pruning

Understanding how fruit tree is grown is essential in learning how to properly prune fruit trees. One of the basic things you should know about your tree and its fruit is that it is composed of two parts.

Grafting is one of the most common ways in which fruit trees are grown. The top part of the fruit tree if often the better part, and the bottom, the poor part. The best fruit bearing trees are often produced as a result of grafting.

Having a good fruit tree is the first step to improving its fruit production by proper pruning techniques.
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What you have may be a bare rooted tree. Trimming bare rooted trees is the first step in planting. Some trees are planted in pots and need no cutbacks when you transplant them. It is however important to do cutbacks on trees that have been recently dug before transplanting.
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Sometimes it helps to prune the top part of the tree and its roots, if you get your tree by mail order. Look for broken or jagged edged roots and cut them off. Healing is easier if this is done. All the roots must be on equal level with the surface.

If a fruit tree does not have branches on its side, cut it back by a third. Thus, if you have a tree that is about six feet tall, you need to cutback two feet from its top. The tree should be cut slightly above the bud for best results.

Some branches will be broken, some dead, some shriveled, and some too close to the ground – cut them out. Every strong and healthy branch also needs to be cut by a third of its length. In order for the new branches to spread outward and not inward in the direction of the trunk, make your cuts on an outer bud.

Since you have just gotten a fruit tree, there are a couple of things you also need to remember. Soaking bare rooted trees for several hours when they arrive is crucial. Keep in mind also that you need good quality soil and proper depth for your new fruit tree.

There are things you can do to your tree, like snipping and pinching, to save you the trouble later. Trimming and snipping buds helps the tree to mature into more productive tree when it becomes mature. Focus on shaping the tree on its first year by pruning its branches and keeping them few. The fruit your tree produces at this time ripens better. There are trees that tend to need more trimming than others.

You need not call the professionals once you master the art and science of tree pruning.